CBM approach

What is the CBM approach?

Community biodiversity management (CBM) is an approach that empowers farming communities to manage local genetic resources for sustainable livelihoods through collective decision-making. Empowerment of farming communities, conservation of agricultural biodiversity and supporting biodiversity-based livelihoods are the three building blocks of CBM approach. CBM integrates knowledge and practices embedded within local, social and cultural systems (Subedi, Sthapit,et al. 2006). CBM can only be achieved by recognizing and strengthening communities and their institutions from the onset of any intervention by a conservation or development organization.

What are the principles behind it?

The CBM approach is driven by four key principles to ensure empowerment (knowledge), livelihoods (benefits) and conservation (sustainability):

1.       Let the locals lead

2.       Build on local innovations, practices and resources

3.       Diversify biodiversity-based livelihood options

4.       Provide a platform for social learning and collective action.

This approach will afford greater opportunities in life to the disadvantaged community 

How does it work?

CBM is a process-led methodology that builds on the capacities and interest of farming communities and, frequently, on their existing community structures (see figures) and therefore, takes time to produce results.

When implementing on-farm conservation activities there is no ‘one medicine for all’, so the CBM approach is more like a toolbox with participatory methods and tools from which you select the set of tools and activities that fits best to the specific local needs and context of a certain community.

What sorts of activities and tools are used?

CBM activities focus on creating awareness, documenting agricultural biodiversity and knowledge, identifying good practices, technical and social capacity building and creating added value for local indigenous species and varieties.

Interventions connected to CBM include:

·         The organization of diversity fairs

·         Development of a fruit catalogue or community biodiversity register

·         Documentation of traditional knowledge connected to local species and varieties

·         Establishment of nurseries, training on grafting or seed management

·         Training on processing activities and creating linkages with customers

Several methods and tools can be used including:

·         Four cell analysis

·         Venn diagram

·         Identification of custodian farmers

·         Identification of good practices in diversity management and use (GPDs)

·         Participatory Market Appraisal and Value Chain Mapping

Overview of CBM activities and tools that are used in the Project are summarized below:


List of attached files
ID Name desc uploaded Size Downloads Actions
82 pdf CBM - An introduction.pdf 30 June, 2014 11:34 MYT by h.lamers@cgiar.org 413.01 Kb 595 View Download