Introduction of target species

What are the target species?

The project focuses on four globally important tropical fruit species with rich diversity in the region:

Mango (Mangifera indica)

Mangifera comprises about 40 species, of which about 26 have edible fruits, either eaten fresh or used to prepare pickles, jams, jellies or preserves. The project identified to date 11 species of Mangifera in Indonesia, 1 in India, 11 species in Malaysia and  16 species in Thailand. Mango is the most cultivated and known species (Mangifera indica). The Indo-Myanmar border region is considered the historical origin area for mango.

Citrus (Citrus spp.)

Citrus are native to Southeast Asia while wild relatives occur from North-eastern India and southern China to Australia. The most commonly used taxonomic scheme identifies 16 species but others recognize up to 162 species. Some of the species are Citrus maxima (pommelo), C. reticulata (mandarins),  C. hystrix (kaffir lime), C. aurantifolia (lime) and C. sinensis (sweet orange). The project identified to date XX species of Citrus  in India, 8 spp in Indonesia, 3 species in Malaysia and  5 species in Thailand.

Rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum)

Nephelium comprises approximately 22 species, mainly in Peninsular Malaysia but also reported to occur in Burma, Thailand, Indochina, Borneo, the Philippines and Indonesia. The best known specie is N. lappaceum (rambutan), which is widely cultivated throughout Southeast Asia. The project identified to date 4 species of Nephelium in Indonesia, 4 species in Malaysia and  5 species in Thailand.

Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana),

Garcinia is composed of about 150 species. The project identified to date 5 species of Garcinia in Indonesia,  10 species in western ghat of India, 7 species in Malaysia and  17 species in Thailand. Cultivation of G. mangostana (mangosteen), the most commercially important species, is limited to Southeast Asia. Mangosteen ranks among the antioxidant-rich fruits that have attracted increasing interest from consumers globally.

Where is the project happening?

The four countries participating in this project – India, Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand – are located in the centres of diversity of these species.

·         India (Mangifera, Citrus and Garcinia)

·         Indonesia (Mangifera, Citrus and Garcinia)

·         Malaysia (Mangifera, Nephelium and Garcinia)

·         Thailand (Mangifera, Citrus, Garcinia and Nephelium )

The 36 project communities have shown to be real troves of diversity. For an overview of the species or varieties found in the project sites you can refer to the community fruit catalogues. These catalogues are developed by researchers in close collaboration with key persons from the project communities.