In India, the project is executed by Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR). The National Project Management Unit (NPMU) is based at Indian Institute of Horticultural Research (IIHR), Bangalore.

Project interventions in India are focused on Mango, Citrus and Garcinia spp.

India selected 5 sites briefly described as follows:



The Vidarbha region of Maharashtra is the largest citrus growing area in India. The major income sources of farm households in our three project communities, Jarud, Nagziri and Bargaon, are commercial citrus gardening mainly from Nagpur mandarin.

Target crops and varieties:

Nagpur Mandarin and Sweet Orange (Mosambi) are most popular varieties of citrus in this area. The study sites have five to eight citrus spp diversity.  Two unique mango varieties of seedling origin are found that adapted to high temperature conditions.



Chittoor has developed into one of the main mango growing belts in South India. The farming system in the area has changed over a period of time due to the availability of less water. Less water intake crops like mango has replaced water intensive crops like sugarcane, paddy and millet. There are bout 60 processing industries, which are carrying out canning of mango pulp. The main commercial variety of the region is Totapuri, which mainly goes for canning. The three project communities selected under Chittoor are Polakala, Talupulapalle and Bangarupalyam.

Target crops and varieties

Mango: It is the main source of livelihood security in the site. A total of 21 to 25 diverse mango varieties are grown in farmers’ orchards where 3 to 5 Citrus species are also grown as minor crop. Multi-varietal orchards are a specialty in this mango-growing region, with early season varieties to late season varieties being grown in most of the orchards.



Malihabad in Uttar Pradesh is the major mango (Mangifera indica) production belt of North India. Four villages, Kasmandikalan, Mohamednagar Talukedari, Sarsanda and Gopramau were selected as the project communities. They are traditional north Indian villages where farmers earn their main income with mangoes combined with growing pulses, wheat and other crops.

Target crops and varieties

Mango and Citrus. Dashehari is the most popular variety. Other varieties are Langra, Chausa, Fazli, Lucknowa, Jauhari, Safeda, etc. These villages have 8 to 40 mango varieties and 2 species of Citrus. One custodian farmer has a total of 135 mango varieties in his orchard.



Mahamda, Jagdishpur, Dhobgama and Murliyachak, located in the Pusa site of Amastipur district in the state of Bihar, were selected as the project communities. The district is located close to the old Gandak River in the fertile Gangetic plains in north India. Other important livelihood crops include paddy, wheat, maize, potato, tobacco, vegetables, spices, condiments and seasonal flowers.

Target crops and varieties

Mango and Citrus: The major fruit crops grown are mango, banana, litchi, guava, jamun, , citrus, gooseberry, custard apple and papaya. Study sites have 13 to 27 mango and 2 to 6 Citrus species. Pummelo (Citrus maxima osbeck) is culturally, religiously  and socioeconomically important crop. A total of 5 pummelo varieties were recorded at the site.



Uttara Kannada district is one of the largest districts of Karnataka state. Koligar, Gonsar, Kulibeedu and Kumta were selected as project communities. Arecanut (betelnut) and rice are the main crops of the region.

Target crops and varieties

Two cultivated and semi-wild Garcinia i.e., G.indica and G.gummi-gutta and other 4 wild species of Garcinia are: G. xanthochymus, G. morella, G. pictorius and G. talbotii. Communities have maintained at least 17 to 47 mango varieties, including unique pickle making Appemedi mango varieties with unique taste and flavor. 


N. K. Krishna Kumar, PhD
Deputy Director General (Hort), ICAR and NPSC Chair
Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)
Pusa Campus, New Delhi, 110012
Email : ddghort@gmail.com

BMC Reddy, PhD
National Project Coordinator
Indian Institute of Horticultural Research 
Haessaraghatta Lake Post,Bangalore-560089, INDIA
Email : bmcreddy@gmail.com

I. P. Singh, PhD

Site Coordinator-Amravati
National Research Centre for Citrus (NRCC)
Post Box No. 644, Shankar Nagar P.O. Amravati Road
Nagpur 440 010, INDIA
Email: indrapalsingh27@gmail.com    

M. R. Dinesh, PhD
Site Coordinator-Chittoor
Indian Institute of Horticultural Research (IIHR)
Hessaraghatta lake post
Bangalore-560 089 INDIA
Email: mrdinesh@iihr.ernet.in

Shailendra Rajan, PhD
Site Coordinator-Malihabad
Central Institute for Subtropical Horticulture (CISH)Rehmankhera, P.O.Kakori
Lucknow UP, 227107 INDIA
Email: srajanlko@gmail.com

Sanjay Kumar Singh, PhD
Site Coordinator-Pusa
National Research Centre on Litchi (NRCL)
Mushahri Farm, P.O. Mushahari
Muzaffarpur, Bihar
INDIA 842002
E-mail: sanjayhor@rediffmail.com 

R. Vasudeva, PhD
Site Coordinator-Sirsi
College of Forestry
Department of Forest Biology
University of Agricultural Sciences
Sirsi-581 401 (Karnataka), INDIA
Tel: 08384 223160
Email: vasukoppa@gmail.com

Vinoth Sakkarai Pandiyan
National Project Assistant
Indian Institute of Horticultural Research
Haessaraghatta Lake Post,
Bangalore-560089, INDIA
Email: shrivno@gmail.com

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